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The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) (2014/35/EU) ensures that electrical equipment within certain voltage limits provides a high level of protection for European citizens, and benefits fully from the single market. It has been applicable since 20 April 2016. Such electrical equipment are required to be CE marked under the Low Voltage Directive to be marketed in the EU. 

  • Covers all electrical equipment and components designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. The voltage rating mentioned refers to the input or output voltage and not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment.

  • It applies to a wide range of electrical equipment for both consumer and professional usage, such as:

    • household appliances​

    • cables

    • power supply units

    • laser equipment

    • certain components, e.g. fuses

  • It provides the essential health and safety requirements that electrical equipment and components covered by it must comply with.

  • The LVD is a self-assessed directive and as such, does not require the involvement of a Notified Body.

  • Exclusions: Medical devices are not covered in the LVD, along with equipment that states a Machinery Declaration.

  • *The general product safety directive (2001/95/EC) covers consumer goods with a voltage below 50 V for alternating current, or below 75 V for direct current. It aims to ensure that only safe consumer products are sold in the EU.



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