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Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM


This Directive establishes uniform basic safety standards for the protection of the health of individuals subject to occupational, medical and public exposures against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation.


  • The directive applies to any planned, existing or emergency exposure situation which involves a risk from exposure to ionizing radiation which cannot be disregarded from a radiation protection point of view or with regard to the environment in view of long-term human health protection.

  • It applies in particular to:

    • the manufacture, production, processing, handling, disposal, use, storage, holding, transport, import to, and export from the Community of radioactive material;

    • the manufacture and the operation of electrical equipment emitting ionizing radiation and containing components operating at a potential difference of more than 5 kilovolt (kV);​

    • human activities which involve the presence of natural radiation sources that lead to a significant increase in the exposure of workers or members of the public, in particular:

      • ​the operation of aircraft and spacecraft, in relation to the exposure of crews;​

      • the processing of materials with naturally-occurring radionuclides;

    • the exposure of workers or members of the public to indoor radon, the external exposure from building materials and cases of lasting exposure resulting from the after-effects of an emergency or a past human activity.​

    • the preparedness for, the planning of response to and the management of emergency exposure situations that are deemed to warrant measures to protect the health of members of the public or workers.

  • Exclusions:

    • exposure to the natural level of radiation, such as radionuclides contained in the human body and cosmic radiation prevailing at ground level;

    • exposure of members of the public or workers other than air or spacecrew to cosmic radiation in flight or in space;

    • aboveground exposure to radionuclides present in the undisturbed earth's crust.




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