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Radio Equipment Directive (RED)

Wireless products need to be approved according to the Radio Equipment Directive (RED) and have a CE mark to be sold in EU countries. The RED replaces the Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment Directive (R&TTED), aligning it with the new legislative framework for the marketing of products. 

  • Radio equipment is defined as any electrical or electronic device that intentionally emits and/or receives aiming at radio communication and/or determination. The RED covers a broad range of products, however certain products with a radio element included in its design are not covered under the RED. Some exclusions are:

    • Marine equipment regulated by the Council Directive​ 96/98/EC

    • Radio products used and/or constructed by radio amateurs

    • Airborne products, including parts and appliances, that are regulated by Regulation (EC) No 216/2008

    • Custom-built evaluation kits for research and development

  • RED establishes a regulatory framework for placing radio equipment on the market.

    • It ensures a single market for radio equipment by setting essential requirements for safety and health, electromagnetic compatibility, and the efficient use of the radio spectrum.

    • It also provides the basis for further regulation governing some additional aspects. These include technical features for the protection of privacy, personal data and against fraud.

    • Furthermore, additional aspects cover interoperability, access to emergency services, and compliance regarding the combination of radio equipment and software.

Requirements for radio equipment placed on the EU market

  • Essential requirements that apply to all radio equipment within the Directive's scope;

    • The product shall not endanger the health and safety of persons, domestic animals and properties.

    • The level of electromagnetic compatibility shall be within the appropriate limits.

    • Any harmful interference caused by the radio spectrum shall be eliminated.

  • Essential requirements that concern only a specific type of radio equipment.

    • Features, such as access to emergency services and protection against fraud, shall be supported by product.

    • The product works with accessories, e.g. common chargers, and via networks with other radio apparatus.

    • The radio equipment can be linked to appropriate interfaces throughout the European Union.

    • The radio equipment shall not misuse current network resources nor cause any harm to the network or degrade its functioning.

    • Safeguards ensuring the protection of user’s personal data and privacy shall be incorporated within the device.

    • The equipment shall include specific features that facilitate its use by people with disabilities.



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